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Pattaya Daily News

16 September 2006 :: 16:09:13 pm 21625

Thai most recognized Traditional Annual Events

Various Tradition and Cultures
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New Year?s Day
January 1st is an official holiday.
Harvest Season
Farmer work very hard for long time under the sun and rain in the rice field. When the harvest season is over and rice is saved in the barn, they held a ceremony calls “tammboon”. The word “tammboon” means making merit in which people give away food to monk and for less fortunate. They hope that with the merit making their family will be blessed for the whole year.

Makha Bucha

It is an important Buddhist Holiday, falling on the full-moon day of the third lunar month. It is to commemorate the occasion when 1,250 disciples gathered spontaneously to hear the Buddha speak. Regularly in the evening of this merit-making day, the Buddhists do candlelit procession around temples.
Kite Flying
The kite flying season which runs through April starts in February.

Thai New Year Eve (The old new year eve)
New Year Eve ceremony starts the day before full moon of the 4th month and go on until the day after full moon. The purpose of ceremony is to provide opportunity for people to think about age and the year that is going to go by. People do fireworks; play? drums, and ring bells to chase away the evils. In the old time people help each other clean houses, temple, public places, waiting for the coming new year.

Chakri Day

April 6th is a national holiday to commemorate the founding of the Chakri dynasty.
April 13th is the traditional Thai New Year Day. As it is in summer, the hottest time of the year, today people throwing water over each others.

Labor Day/ May Day
May 1st is an official Thai holiday.
Coronation Day
It is, May 5th, to commemorates the coronation of King Rama IX.
Ploughing Ceremony
The ceremony takes place at the Phramane Ground in Bangkok at the beginning of the planting season. The date is determined by Brahman priests. Presided over by His Majesty the King, the ceremony involves the ritual ploughing by sacred oxen and the planting of specially blessed rice seeds. A prediction is made for the success of the year?s harvest.
Visakha Bucha
It is the most important date in the Buddhist calendar, fell on the full-moon night of the sixth lunar month. It is to celebrate the day on which the Buddha was born, achieved enlightenment, and passed away. In the evening there are candlelit processions around temples.

Before “Kaowpansa” Buddhist Lent Period
On the 7th month. Folk mould candles and decorate them very beautiful and give them away to monks to use in Kaowpansa period, The monks stay in the temple during the rainy season. People go in line, some of them dance, play music, drums and carry candles all the way to the temple. This tradition started since Rattaakosin period and continues up to present.

Asanha Bucha
Falling on the day of the full moon, of the eighth lunar-month, it is the anniversary of the Buddha?s first sermon to his first five disciples. It marks the beginning of Buddhist Lent, Khao Phansa, a three-month period of retreat for monks.
Pansa means rain or rainy period. Kaowpansa season starts from the first waning moon (dark moon) on 8th month, which is in July of every year. During the ?Kaowpansa? or Buddhist Lent Period it is the times for Buddhist to be less sinful and try to cleanse their soul and spirit. The Buddhist will do all kind of good deeds throughout this time. Some folk go to temple or (make merit) for the whole season.


Gonjuk” is an old tradition. Every children reaching one month in age, the parents will shave their hair. These hairs are called “phomfire”. When their hair grow long again the parents would let the hairs just grow in the middle the boys and girls? head, which symbolized that their cleanliness and vulnerability. Adults are to give them sound advices, kindness, and be nicely stern/strict at certain times.. When the girls reaches the age of 11 and boys 13, parents will prepared a hair cutting ceremony for them and asked them to let their hair down. This process is calls?”Gonjuk”, with this ceremony is considered that the child has turn into adult. (Gon=Shave, juk= bunch of hair in the middle of the head)
Mother Day
August 12th
is the celebration of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit?s birthday. It is a public holiday and many buildings are decorated with colored lights in honor of the occasion.


“Saht” means fall which the leaves fall down. Ceremony begin at the end of 10:th month. Folk go to temple and tammboon, which people take special foods with them for example?Kaowmatupayaht, Kaowyaku, Kaowtip, Grayasaht and?bananas. People always cook a lot of Grayasaht and share it with neighbour and someone they know. People celebrate Saht ceremony because of the joy of the rice on the field is grown, which rice grain start to grow from rice grasses, and rice grain contain milk.The food calls “Kaowmatuyaht” ingridence is rice grain that contain milk inside. It reminds us about religion class that?Buddha ate kaowmatupayaht before he found Nirwana.

Ending period of Lent

This celebrates the Buddha?s return to earth, after spending one Lent season, which is 3 month long, preaching in heaven. It also marks the end of the Lent period of retreat and the beginning of Krathin, the traditional time for presenting new robes and other gifts to monks at temples throughout the country.
Chulalongkorn Day
October 23rd is the anniversary of the death of King Chulalongkorn, Rama V. Floral tributes and incense are placed at the foot of the monarchís equestrian statue on Rajadamnern Nok Avenue.
Krathin Offering
Krathin ceremony started since Sukothai period and continues to present. Kratin is the offering new robes and other necessities to the monks. The Thai considered this ceremony as a time of great offering and it is the biggest and the best merit making. For those who joined in this ceremony will be very much blessed.

Loy Krathong
It is held on the night of the full-moon day of the twelfth lunar month. This festival is to pay homage to Mae Khongkha, goddess of rivers and waterways. Thais gather by rivers, canals, ponds to float krathongs, colorful little lotus-shaped boat bearing the traditional offerings of flowers, a candle, and incense.
Golden Mountain Fair
It is the Bangkok?s biggest temple fair held at Saket Temple by the Golden Mount.
Elephant Round-up
An annual show in North Eastern Region, Surin Province featuring a large gathering of trained elephants which display work skills, perform games and parade in the battle regalia of old.

Truht Leng Kaownoom Buang
Truth = Ceremony, Leng = invite, Kaownoom Buang = a kind of food with shrimp inside. Invitation to Kaownoom Buang is the ceremony?s name. The ceremony take place during the cool season when water level in rivers go very low and when that happened there will be a lot of shrimps in the river. In the old days, under King Rama IV reign folk used to say if any woman could cook Kaownoom Buang, bended with Dimsum leavf, gamut plum and long betel, then her value is worth 10 chang. Chang is currency unit equal to 800 baht, which means that she has a great quality. During the period money are counted in differently.
4?? salung?=?1 baht? (25 satang = 1 salung)
4??baht??? =?1 tammlung (100 satang = 1 baht)
20?tammlung?=?1 chung
Father Day
December 5th is the birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej and is a public holiday.
It is on December 10th. It is a public holiday.New Year?s Eve
December 31st is a public holiday

Reporter : PDN staff   Photo : Internet   Category : Travel

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