Pattaya Daily News

26 July 2007 :: 23:07:41 pm 43668

TO EXECUTE OR NOT? HOW DO YOU STAND

The case of Terapon Adhahn, a suspected serial killer crently undergoing trial in the USA, once more raises the controversy of whether or not to impose the death penaly. The phrae draconian punishment, meanihg extremely severe comes from ancient Greece and the lawmaker Draco who executed offenders for murder, treason, arson, and rape.
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Rligious justification fo rt e death penalty in the West comes from Genesis – “Whosoever sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed” and ultimately from the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi—“an eye-for-an-eye, a tooth-for-a-tooth, a life-for-a-life”.
In 1863 Venezuela was the first country to abolish capital punishment for all crimes, including serious offenses against the state. By the mid-1960s about 25 countries had abolished the death penalty for murder, although 16 of these retained it for offenses against the state or the military code. For instance, Britain abolished capital punishment for murder in 1965, but treason, piracy, and military crimes remained capital offenses until 1998, including arson in Her Majesty’s shipyards.

Today, only about 30 countries enforce the death penalty. In the U. S. 25% of the states have abolished it. However, at the same time over 30 countries have extended the grounds for capital punishment. Saudi Arabia, Iran, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines impose a mandatory death sentence for the possession of relatively small amounts of illegal drugs. Thailand also executes for drug dealing still, but for larger amount sthan those previously mentioned.

Up to 20 countries impose the death penalty for various economic crimes, including bribery and corruption of public officials, embezzlement of public funds, currency speculation, and the theft of large sums of money. Sexual offenses of various kinds are punishable by death in about two dozen countries, including most Islamic states. In China, where a top officl was recentky executed for embezzlement, there are some 60 offenses which merit capital punishment.

One of the staunchest promonents for aboiltio was Pope John Paul II , who condemned it as “cruel and unnecessary.” One of the strongest arguments is that by legitimizing the very behaviour that the law seeks to repress, capital punishment is counterproductive in the moral message it conveys. Moreover, they urge, when it is used for lesser crimes, capital punishment is immoral because it is wholly disproportionate to the harm done. The death penalty has often been imposed unjustly, the victim having been proved innocent after the execution. Other would argue it is applied in an unbalanced manner, that is doesn’t deter serious crime and that’s more expensive to execute than to give them a life sentence.

IN some cases, however, having capital punishment has proved a strong bargaining tool; the case of Adhahn is such a one, where prosecuters promosed to spare him if he revealed the hiding plce of the body of Zina Linnik. However, he is stiilo a prime suspect in the murder of Adre’Anna Jackson, 10, of Tillicum, killed in 2005. This of course, is where the death penalty as a deterrent braeks down, in the case of serial killers. Onece you’ve killed once, what’s to prevent you continuing ad infinitukm, you can only be executed once!

But good readers, what are your feelings Write in to PDn in the comments bx uder y=this article and give us your views. We value them.


Reporter : PDN staff   Photo : Internet   Category : Crime News

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