Pattaya Daily News

08 March 2010 :: 17:03:18 pm 15062

Ayutthaya: The Kingdoms Original Capital City

Between the year 1350 and 1767, the ancient city Ayutthaya or, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, was Thailand’s capital when Thai culture and commerce flourished.
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Numerous foreign merchants residing in the capital included the Dutch, Portuguese, French, English, Japanese and the Chinese, were most impressed by its splendor along with the huge Buddha’s made from real gold.  It has been said the place is haunted and that although it is believed a substantial amount of gold that went missing, had been buried in the grounds, no one dare look for it for fear of repercussions from the spirits who wander the grounds.

Many ancient ruins and art work are all that remains in the city that was founded by King U-Thong or Ramathibodi I and was a peaceful city with the main activity being the state affairs and the trading which made Ayutthaya one of the most prosperous cities in Asia.

During the period when Ayutthaya was the Thai capital where 33 Kings of different dynasties ruled the Kingdom until the Burmese invaded in 1529, nine years after the death of King Ramathibodi and the capital fell with most of its temples and religious sculptures destroyed. This was the first time Ayutthaya was involved in a war with Myanmar with more to come.

Ayuttaya was returned to its former glory by King Naresuan the Great and was at peace again enjoying activities in foreign affairs for around 118 years. It was then invaded again and destroyed beyond repair by the Burmese in 1767 when the capital was then moved to Thonburi by King Taksin the Great, who fought against the Burmese defeating them.  The capital was again moved to Bangkok by King Rama the 1st, the founder of the present Chakri Dynasty.

Ayuttaya can be found approximately 90 km from Bangkok and can be visited on extended day trips. If however, you are interested in Thai history and current monuments, an overnight stay with two full days sight seeing is highly recommended to view Ayutthaya’s magnificent ruins that indicate its long gone prosperity.

Ayutthaya which covers 2,556 square km has been included in UNESCO’s list of heritage since December 1991. Today, many celebrations are held in Ayutthaya such as Thailand’s traditional Thai boxing “Muay Thai” which will be holding the World Thai Martial Arts Festival and Waikru Muay The ceremony will start with the Thai boxers performing the Wai Kru and is usually accompanied by rousing Thai pipe and drum music with the boxing movements. This gives the boxers encouragement by paying homage to his teachers and helps him feel he is not alone, but has the support of his and other teachers of the Muay Thai discipline.

Thai Ceremony (Nai Khanomtom Day) at the City of Ayutthaya Stadium, Ayutthaya, Thailand on the 14th-17th March 2010.

Patty Brown

Photo : Internet   Category : Travel

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